DIFFERENT TYPES & GRADES OF TEA
There are so many different types of tea and different grades. Here is a guide to help you understand just some of the different teas and blends available.
Flowery Orange Pekoe (FOP) - attractive leaves with golden tips that produce a mellow, yet distinctive, cup. Considered the second grade in Assam and Bangladesh teas, but the first grade in China. The perfect afternoon tea.
Orange Pekoe (OP) - this is a main grade tea which has long thin leaves and produces a cup that is fruitier then FOP. This is a perfect afternoon tea. Kenilworth Estate produces a fantastic OP tea.
Flowery Pekoe (FP) - full and aromatic liquor. This is a wonderful morning and afternoon tea.
Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe (GFOP) - This tea has a higher proportion of tips than FOP.
Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe (BOP) - A characterful tea which is perfect for a morning cup.
Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe (TGFOP) - This tea has the highest proportion of tips. This is the main grade of tea in Darjeeling and Assam regions.
Finest Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe - (FTGFOP) - this is the highest quality grade.
SINGLE ESTATE TEA - Single estate refers to a tea from a single estate or garden. This is an unblended tea with unique characteristics to the estate and the season and because of this will vary from year to year. Single estate tea is a true taste experience.
BLENDED BLACK TEA- A blend of teas generally from Assam, Ceylon, and Kenya. These are the most popular blended teas, especially in Great British culture.
FLAVOURED BLACK TEA - Tea can be scented with fruit or flower buds to create a sweet and floral bouquet. The scent is carefully chosen to complement the natural character of the tea base.
CHAI - Chai quite literally means tea. Chai, as consumed in India, is a spiced tea made with milk, traditionally brewed for hours to create this aromatic tea. Chai usually consists of black tea, milk, spices, sweetener (generally sugar).
HERBAL TISANE - Herbal tea is an infusion of various herbs, leaves, bark, roots or flowers. They are naturally caffeine--free and possess many health benefits. Enjoy them at any time of the day.
WHITE TEA - White tea comes from the same plant (camellia sinensis) as black, green and oolong teas. The young leaves and buds are specially picked and then simply sun-dried to produce a natural, delicate variety of tea which can be enjoyed at all times.
FRUIT TISANES - Fruit teas, also known as tisanes, are delicious fruit infusions that can be made both hot and cold. They are naturally caffeine free and rich in antioxidants and vitamins which make them a superb drink that can be enjoyed at any time of the day.
ROOIBOS - Rooibos means 'red-bush' and is grown in South Africa. It is naturally caffeine-free and has a rich, malty and robust taste. It is a wonderful alternative to black tea.
GREEN TEA - Green tea is a type of tea made from camellia sinensis leaves. The leaves are high in antioxidants and contains B vitamins, magnesium , potassium and caffeine.
EARL GREY - Earl Grey tea is an incredibly fragrant citrus-toned tea blend made with an infusion of bergamot oil. It is thought to be named after Charles Grey, the 2nd Earl Grey and British Prime Minister in the 1830s.
OOLONG - Oolong tea is a traditional Chinese tea. With it's partial oxidation, Oolong tea is halfway between Green tea and Black Tea. With similar characteristics to black and green tea, oolong contains several vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.
YERBA MATE - Yerba mate is a traditional South American drink which is becoming increasingly popular.
It is believed to have the strength of coffee, whilst enjoying the health benefits of tea.
SENCHA - Sencha is the most popular tea in Japan. It is a steamed green tea made from camellia sinensis or yabukita.